For less carbon-intensive mobility

General Information

Municipality: Grand Besançon Métropole Urban Community (GBM)

Country: France

Inhabitants: 193.300

Description of Measure and Categorization

Low-carbon mobility effectively and harmoniously combines public transport, such as trams, and individual mobility, ensuring an efficient modal shift.

Transport accounts for a significant portion of energy consumption (44%) in the country, GHG emissions (55%) and associated air pollutants. Moreover, this sector is highly dependent on petroleum products. 


The transport sector includes the transport of people and goods as well as those that transit the territory and also affect it. Active modes represent a relevant alternative to the use of the car on certain types of journeys (short journeys, journeys with the necessary infrastructure, etc.). Intermodality is also an essential lever for reducing the use of solo cars.


Intermodality refers to switching from one mode of transport to another by facilitating the combined use of transport, it is a sign of fluidity in transport. It is a practice that should be encouraged, but it presupposes adjustments to load breaks between two modes of transport (interchange hubs). While intermodality is a strength for the accessibility of the different networks, it may seem fragile from the user's point of view because it can be experienced as a constraint. The aim here is therefore to improve the conditions for the development of intermodality practices in the Grand Besançon Metropolitan area. To achieve this, the Grand Besançon Métropole will support the following actions: 

- Developing the use of P+R 

- Reinforce work with the Region on the strategy of exchange centres

- Strengthen train/public transport intermodality and introduce a common or compatible ticketing system.

- Reinforcing intermodality between cycling and public transport

- Facilitating the use of multimodality and active mobility through integrated applications 

Area: Mobility


Grand Besançon Métropole and the Mobility Services Contract public transport.


The actions are financed by Grand Besançon Métropole and the Public Service Delegation (Mobility Services Contract) for public transport.


Contact Person:

Advisor Contact: