Description of Measure and Categorization
In Florence the transport sector represents 34.5% of the total CO2 emissions. What was required was a substantial, integrated action to achieve a significant reduction in the environmental impact of mobility. The municipality is promoting sustainable e-mobility starting from new public tramlines, its own fleet, the e-sharing service, the incentives (LTZ access, public recharging network, free recharge for first 3 years, free parking,...). Florence has already built a wide charging infrastructure with more than 350 public sockets available, remotely managed and included in the open data portal.
Now the city is enhancing the switch to e-vehicles of the taxi public service both to increase its sustainability and to promote e-mobility among city users. The municipality published a dedicated tender exclusively for e-taxi (70 new licences) with a 30% discount and provided agreements with vehicles producers for special purchasing conditions for any taxi owner.
In parallel six new Enel Fast Recharge Plus 1G stations have been installed for exclusive use of taxi and an App has been developed for booking the recharge and monitor the status of the nearest station.
The fast stations can recharge in 15-20 minutes and are fully integrated into the smart grid, ensuring security and stability of the electric network.
The partners involved are the municipality, e-distribuzione (local DSO and smart grid manager), Enel X (EMM manager), SPES (facilitator), Mathema (App developer) and taxi associations
The 6 test fast stations have been provided by e-distribuzione for an investment cost of 0,37M€ and annual operational fees for the management system EMM. Additional works have been financed by the municipality.
The fee for the new e-licences were 175.000€ each instead of 250.000€ (30% discount). The average favourable cost for an e-vehicle has been about 18-25.000€. The electricity tariffs are usually based on consumption but there are also flat rates which could be convenient for this kind of users (from 0,26 to 0,50 €/kWh).
The App is free for users